Effects of Brain Injury
The brain is divided into a number of different sections each with a number of different functions. The combination of symptoms which a person with a brain injury experiences therefore depends upon the part of the brain that has been damaged. People with a brain injury have damaged different parts of the brain and that is why each one's condition is unique.
The effects of a brain injury can be divided into four different categories:
- loss of co-ordination, muscle rigidity, paralysis, epilepsy, difficulty in speaking, loss of sight, smell or taste, fatigue and sexual problems.
- problems with memory, attention and concentration, low tolerance of noisy stressful environments, loss of insight and initiative, loss of executive skills and of the ability to do simple tasks.
Behaviour and personality
- anxiety, depression, loss of motivation, difficulty controlling anger and impulsiveness, mood swings.
- flat or excessive emotion, inability to relate to people.
Only 45 per cent of patients with a minor head injury have made a good recovery one year after admission.
Relationships with family and friends can be placed under immense emotional strain as the person they loved may no longer be the person with whom they are living.
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